Dependency Injection in Android With Dagger2 (11)

ViewModel with Dagger (basic version)

Guowei Lv

1 minute read

The main advantage of using ViewModel is: it can survive configuration change. That means if you associate a ViewModel with an Activity, then after configuration change, the activity will get the same instance of that ViewModel.

Of course that comes with some setup work to do on developers side. But it is not that bad, basically the activity gets its ViewModel through ViewModelProvider.

If your ViewModel has empty constructor, then you can simply use:

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    myViewModel = ViewModelProvider(this).get(

But most likely your ViewModel will have some dependencies, like some usecase or service classes. Then we have to use ViewModelProvider.Factory to help.

Suppose MyViewModel is:

class MyViewModel @Inject constructor(
    private val fetchQuestionsUseCase: FetchQuestionsUseCase
) : ViewModel() {...}

Define a Factory class that can create your ViewModel:

class Factory @Inject constructor(private val myViewModelProvider: Provider<MyViewModel>) : ViewModelProvider.Factory {
    override fun <T : ViewModel?> create(modelClass: Class<T>): T {
        return myViewModelProvider.get() as T


class ViewModelActivity : BaseActivity() {

    @Inject lateinit var myViewModelFactory: MyViewModel.Factory

    private lateinit var myViewModel: MyViewModel

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        myViewModel = ViewModelProvider(this, myViewModelFactory).get(

This is how you implement ViewModel + Dagger the most straightforward way.

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